!Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1970

Photos by Dr. E.F. de Vogel, courtesy of André Schuiteman and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Flower Closeup

Photos by © Manorot Tangsaveepha

Part Sun HotSpringSummer

Common Name or Meaning The Stiff Acampe - In Thailand - Ueang tin tao - Ueang dawk makham - In China Duo Hua Cui Lan

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Sri Lankha, western Himalayas, Cambodia, Myanamar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines in tropical valleys on shady cliffs on karst limestone outcrops and or on trees at the forests edge at elvations of 300 to 800 meters as a large to giant sized, hot growing lithophyte or occasional epiphyte with a stout, often branched stem carrying thick, stiffly ascending, unequally yet minutely bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, axillary, shortly branched, 6" [15 cm] long, stout, few to several flowered inflorescence with fleshy flowers

Synonyms Acampe intermedia Rchb.f. 1856; Acampe longifolia (Lindl.) Lindl. 1853; Acampe multiflora (Lindl.) Lindl. 1853; Acampe penangiana Ridl. 1896; Acampe taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1974; *Aerides rigida Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. 1818; Acampe wightiana var. longipedunculata Trimen 1885 ; Gastrochilus longifolius (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Saccolabium longifolium (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 ; Vanda longifolia Lindl. 1833; Vanda multiflora Lindl. 1826; Vanda viminea Guillaumin 1930

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as A multiflora; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as A intermedia; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Saccolabium longifolium; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Saccolabium longifolium drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Acampe multiflora; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Acampe longifolia drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 as A longifolia photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 as Acampe longifolia drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as A longifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as A multiflora photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 #5 1968 photo fide; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 as A longifolia photo fide; Indian Orchids, A Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Opera Botanica # 95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 21 1165 - 1328 Brieger 1988; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Siedenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Malaya Segerback 1992 photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999 as A longifolia photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 14 No 4 2000; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 Photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 Photo ok; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 5–58 L. V. Averyanov1 , Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 7—50. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 23–62 Jalal & Jayanth 2018;Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;