!Acineta superba [Kunth] Rchb.f 1863

TYPE for the genus


Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Disected Flower

Photos by Gunter Gerlach and His Stanhopinae Website

to to

Common Name or Meaning The Superb Acineta - in Colombia "Periquito" [parakeet in spanish]

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as a large sized, robust, cool to warm growing, caespitose epiphyte from high in the canopy of wet montane forests at elevations of 800 to 1950 meters with clustered, ovoid to cylindrical, glossy olive green, laterally compressed, finely sulcate pseudobulbs with a basal sheath and carrying 2 to 4, terminal, thick, glabrous, plicate, oblanceolate, acute, petiolate leaves that blooms on a basal, stout, pendant, to 28" [70 cm] long, several to many [11 to 30] flowered inflorescence enveloped basally by scarious bracts and carries fragrant light vanilla scented, heavily waxy, color variable flowers arising on a mature pseudobulb as a new growth appears, and occurring in the late winter and spring. Needs to be in mounted on tree fern or in a hanging basket to accomodate the long pendant inflorescence. Good shade, plenty of water while growing and a short dry rest in the winter will bring about strong spring bloomings.

Synonyms Acineta collosa Sander 1898; Acineta colmani R.H. Torr. 1904; Acineta fulva Kl. 1852; Acineta humboldtii [Lindl.] Lindley 1843; Acineta humboldtii var. fulva (Hook.) B.S.Williams 1894 ; Acineta humboldtii var. schilleriana Rchb.f. 1855; Acineta humboldtii var. straminea B.S.Williams 1871; Acineta schilleriana (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1863; Acineta superba var. chrysantha Rchb.f. ex Stein 1892; Acineta supurba var fulva Schlechter 1917; Acineta superba var. straminea (B.S.Williams) Stein 1892; *Anguloa superba Kunth 1815; Peristeria humboldtii Lindl. 1843; Peristeria humboldtii Lindl. var fulva Hook. 1845

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (quarto ed.) 1: 343, t. 93. 1815 as Anguloa supurba; Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29: t. 18. 1843 as Peristeria humboldtii; *Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26: Misc. 68. 1843; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Acineta humboldtii; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as A humboldtii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 9 1964 as A supurba var fulva photo fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 9 1978 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 359 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Fanfani & Rossi 1988; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orhcids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Orchidarium Peruviarum Plate 203 Bennet & Christensen 1995 drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 6 1999 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 22 #2 2002 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; Orquedias Nativas de Tachira Fernandez 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 1 2003 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 5 2004 photo fide; The World's Most Beautiful Orchids Allikas & Nash 2005 photo fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing fide; Orchid Digest vol 70 #4 2006 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #1 2010 photo fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae Jimenez & Jimenez 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Anguloa superba drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #4 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #9 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #11 2019 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide