!Acrolophia capensis (P.J.Bergius) Fourc.1932

Plant and Flowers insitu Cape Province South Africa Photos by Cameron McMaster

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Common Name The Capetown Acrolophia

Flower Size 1.8" [4.5 cm]

Found in Cape Province South Africa in fynbos and restio-veld and coastal scrub in sand at elevations of 100 to 1700 meters as a slender to robust, medium to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial that flowers in the spring and summer [October to January] in situ and has a tuft of ridgid, erect leaves and numerous, long, thick , fleshy roots and blooms on an erect, unbranched to branched, terminal, many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Acrolophia barbata (Spreng.) Pfitzer 1887; Acrolophia comosa (Sond.) Schltr. & Bolus 1894; Acrolophia sphaerocarpa (Sond.) Pfitzer 1887; Acrolophia tristis (L.f.) Pfitzer 1887; Eulophia barbata Spreng. 1826; Eulophia comosa Sond. 1846; Eulophia sphaerocarpa Sond 1846; Eulophia tristis (L.f.) Spreng. 1826; Graphorkis capensis (P.J.Bergius) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis comosa (Sond.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis sphaerocarpa (Sond.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis tristis (L.f.) Kuntze 1891; *Limodorum capense P.J.Bergius 1767; Limodorum triste (L.f.) Thunb. 1794; Satyrium capense (P.J.Bergius) Houtt. 1780; Satyrium triste L.f. 1782; Serapias capensis (P.J.Bergius) L. 1771;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; An Introduction to the South African Orchids Schelpe 1966; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 23 1393 - 1456 Brieger 1990; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 as Eulophia barbata

Acrolophia capensis var. lamellata (Lindl.) Schelpe 1982 Photo courtesy of Dr Schelpe

The flower in the photo is var lamellata which differs from the type in having 7 to 9 crested keels on the lip and a dorsal sepal measuring from 1/2" to 9/10" [12 to 22 mm] long, The type has 5 crested keels on the lip and a dorsal sepal the is less than .4" [1 cm] long,

Synonyms Acrolophia lamellata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1887; *Eulophia lamellata Lindl. 1833; Graphorkis lamellata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; An Introduction to the South African Orchids Schelpe 1966; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo good;

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