Hemipilia basifoliata (Finet) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Tetralobae Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015

Photo by Jin Xiaohua

Drawing Drawing by the Orchid Society of China Website

Part ShadeColdLATESpring EARLYSummer

Common Name or Meaning The Basal Leaved Hemipilia - In China Si Lie Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .35" [9mm]

Found in southeastern Sichuan and northern Yunnan provinces of China in forests and grassy slopes at elevations of 2600 to 3800 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with subglobose tubers giving rise to a stem with 2, basal, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, basal to cauline, porrect, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect, laxly 4 to densely 10 flowered, ebracteate inflorescence with an ovate-lanceolate, shorter than the ovary, acute to acuminate floral bract

Synonyms Amitostigma basifoliatum (Finet) Schltr. 1919; Orchis basifoliata (Finet) Schltr. 1912; *Peristylus tetralobus f. basifoliatus Finet 1902; Ponerorchis basifoliata (Finet) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide as Ponerorchis basifoliata; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015