Hemipilia gonggashanica (K.Y.Lang) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Tetralobae Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015

Photo by Christian Lueg and Ground Orchid Website

partial shade Cold LATESpring EARLY Summer

Common Name The Gongga Shan Hemipilia [A mountain in south central China] - In China Gong Sha Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .55" [1.45 cm]

Found in Sichuan province of China in forests, scrub, valleys, crevices, alpine grasslands and grassy slopes at elevations of 2400 to 3800 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with ovoid to globose tubers giving rise to a stem with 2 tubular, basal sheaths and carrying a single, cauline, errect, narrowly oblong-elliptic, acute leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect, 6" [15 cm] long, ebracteate, subdensely 3 to 14 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, shorter than the ovary, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Amitostigma gonggashanicum K.Y.Lang 1984; Ponerorchis gonggashanica (K.Y.Lang) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015