Hemipilia hemipilioides (Finet) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Hemipilia

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Full Shade Cool Cold LATE Spring Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Hempil-Like Hemipilia- In China Luan Ye Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .25 to .3" [6 to 7 mm]

Found in Guizhou and Yunnan provinces of China on soil and humus covered limestone rocks in forests at elevations of 2400 to 2500 meters as a mini to miniature sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with small oblong tubers giving rise to an erect, glabrous, slender, dark purple stem carrying a single, prostrate, ovate to narrowly oblong, usually mottled dark purple leaf that blooms in the summer and early fall on a terminal, erect, [5 to 6 cm] long, 2 to 12 flowered inflorescence with ovate, acute, much shorter than the ovaery floral bracts.

Synonyms Amitostigma hemipilioides (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1936; Amitostigma microhemipilia Schltr. 1921; Chusua hemipilioides (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971; Gymnadenia hemipilioides Finet 1902; Hemipilia silvatica Kraenzl. 1921; Orchis microhemipilia (Schltr.) So 1929; Ponerorchis hemipilioides (Finet) So 1966

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 Photo fide