Hemipilia monantha (Finet) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Tetralobae Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015

Photo by Magnus Liden

Pink Color Form

Photo by Copyright , The Plant Photo Bank China Page

Full Shade Cool Cold Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Single Flowered Hemipilia - In China Yi Hua Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Shaanxi, southern Gansu, western Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan and southeastern Xizang provinces of China in thickets, grasslands and rocky meadows at elevations of 2300 to 4100 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with ovoid tubers giving rise to an erect, slender, stem provided with 1 to 2, tubular, basal sheaths and carrying a single, erect to porrect, ovate, spathulate to narrowly elliptic, acute to obtuse leaf held below the middle that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, peduncle ebracteate, single flowered, peduncle ebracteate, 2 to 3.2" [5 to 8 cm] long, inflorescence with a linear-lanceolate, usually longer than the ovary, acute floral bract

Synonyms Amitostigma forrestii Schltr. 1924; Amitostigma monanthum (Finet) Schltr. 1919 Amitostigma monanthum var. forrestii (Schltr.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Amitostigma nivale Schltr. 1924; Hemipilia monantha (Finet) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015; Orchis forrestii (Schltr.) So 1929; Orchis monantha (Finet) So 1929; Orchis nivalis (Schltr.) So 1929; Peristylus monanthus Finet 1902; Ponerorchis monantha (Finet) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Ponerorchis monantha photo good