Hemipilia simplex (Tang & F.T.Wang) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Tetralobae Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015

Photo by Copyright Plant Photo Bank China Page

Full Shade Cold Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Modest Hemipilia - In China Huang Hua Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in western Sichuan, southwestern Yunnan provinces of China on grassy slopes at elevations of 2300 to 4400 meters as a mini-miniature to miniature szied, cold growing terrestrial with a subglobose tuber giving rise to a slender, glabrous stem carrying a single, oblong, herbaceous, gradually narrows below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, peduncle ebracteate, 2 to 5.6" [5 to 14 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with a lanceolate, acute to acuminate, nearly as long as the ovary floral bract and carrying rather large yellow sometimes spotted with brown flowers.

Synonyms Amitostigma simplex Tang & F.T.Wang 1940; Ponerorchis simplex (Tang & F.T.Wang) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Ponerorchis simplex photo fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 Photo fide