Anacheilium baculus [Rchb.f] Withner & Harding 2004

Photo by © Patricia Harding

Colombia form

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Common Name The Stake-Like Anacheilium [refers to the pseudobulbs appearance]

Flower Size to 3" [7.5 cm]

Found in Vera Cruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas states of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica and south to Colombia and Brazil in lower montane forests at altitudes of 400 to 1700 meters as a medium sized, hot to cool growing, cockleshell epiphytic species is with fusiform, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, towards the apex, lanceolate to ligulate-elliptic, obtuse leaves that blooms in the spring and summer and fall with an apical, short to 2 1/2" [6.25 cm], erect, 2 to 3 flowered inflorescence with a prominent basal sheath arising on a newly matured, fusiform, cylindric, bifoliate pseudobulb giving rise to strongly fragrant [honey], inverted flowers.

Synonyms Encyclia baculus (Rchb. f.) Dressler & G.E. Pollard 1971; Encyclia pentotis (Rchb. f.) Dressler 1961; Epidendrum acuminatum Sessť & Moc. 1798; *Epidendrum baculus Rchb. f. 1856; Epidendrum beyrodtianum Schltr. 1915; Epidendrum pentotis Rchb. f. 1876; Hormidium baculus [Rchb.f] Breiger 1977; Prosthechea baculus (Rchb. f.) W. E. Higgins 1997; Prosthechea confusa (Rolfe) W.E.Higgins 2009

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum baculus; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 244 Schlechter 1920 as Epidendrum baculus; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum pentotis; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum pentotis; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum pentotis; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum pentotis; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum pentotis drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium baculus photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum pentotis drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 as Encyclia baculus; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1976 as Encyclia baculus; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 682 Dodson 1982 as Encyclia baculus drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1420 Mora Attwood 1992 as Encyclia baculus drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids vol 5 COS 1994 as Encyclia baculus photo ok; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 as Encyclia baculus photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids Of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Vol 2 Pabst - Dungs 1977 as Epidendrum baculus; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia baculus drawing fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives; The Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002 as Protheschea baculus; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Prosthechea baculus; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 as Prosthechea baculus photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1063 Hagsater & Soto 2008 as Prosthechea baculus drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Prosthechea baculus photo good; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Prosthechea baculus; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Prosthechea baculus photo fide