Anacheilium chondybulbon [Rich & Gal.] Withner & Harding 2004

Photo by Patricia Harding


Common Name The Cone-Like Bulb Anacheilium - In Mexico "Conchitas"

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Oaxaca Mx., 1676m elev., Puerto Angel Rd, epiphytic on large Oaks.

Found in Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Mexico, Oaxaca, Vera Cruz, Puebla and Chiapas states of Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador in moist but seasonally dry pine-oak forests at elevation of 1000 to 2600 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing, cockleshell epiphyte on trees and lithophyte on cliff faces and large boulders that occurs in oak forest and scrub forest on lava fields with widely spaced, slightly compressed, fusiform, deeply longitudunally sulcate pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by a few imbricate, scarious sheaths and carrying 3 to 5, apical, linear to narrowly linear-lancaolate, acute or subobtuse, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a short to 5 1/4" [13 cm], apical, 2 to 8 flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a newly forming pseudobulb with fragrant flowers.

This species is very similar to Ana. radiatum and differs only in less leaves [2 to 3] and has a distinct isthmus at the base of the lip before widening out to a transverse blade. Ana. chacaoensis differs in having less elongate pseudobulbs, less leaves [2] and smaller flowers with a shorter, less pointed lip.

Synonyms Encyclia chondylobulbon (A. Rich. & Galeotti) Dressler & G.E. Pollard 1971 ; *Epidendrum chondylobulbon A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Hormidium chondylobulbon [Rich & Gal.] Breiger 1977; Prosthechea chondylobulbon (A. Rich. & Galeotti) W. E. Higgins 1997

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum chondylopbulbon; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum chondybulbon; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum chondylobulbon drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1976 as Encyclia chondylobulbon; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium chondybulbon photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum chondybulbon drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1214 Dodson 1985 as Encyclia chondylobulbon drawing fide; The Orchids Of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum chondylobulbon; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Encyclia chondylobulbon drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Encyclia chondobulbon photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia chondylobulbon drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1992 as Encyclia chondylobulbon; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 as Encyclia chondobulbon photo fide; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as Prosthechea chondybulbon photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1065 Hagsater & Soto 2008 as Prosthechea chondybulbon drawing ok; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Prosthechea chondylobulbon photo not; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Prosthechea chondybulbon photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Prosthechea chondylobulbon