Anacheilium spondiadum (Rchb.f.) ex Nir Withner & P.A.Harding 2004

Photo by Adam Karremans


Photo by Walter Schug

Another Plant

Photo by Patricia Harding


Common Name or Meaning The Plum Tree Anacheilium [refers to the flowers color]

Flower Size 2 1/4" [5.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Jamaica, and Panama in premontane rainforests in open canopies at elevations of 900 to 2100 meters as a medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with cylindric to narrowly ovoid, furrowed with age psuedobulbs enveloped almost completely in youth by several, imbricate, scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, basally clasping leaf and blooms on a terminal, few [3 to 4] flowered inflorescence arising from a spathe on a newly matured pseudobulb occurring in the fall through spring with non-resupinate flowers.

Synonyms Anacheilium spondiadum ( Rchb.f. ) Nir 2000; Encyclia spondiadum ( Rchb.f. ) Dressler 1971; Epidendrum playcardium Schlechter 1922; *Epidendrum spondiadum Rchb.f. 1852; Hormidium spondiadum [Rchb.f] Breiger 1977; Prosthechea spondiada ( Rchb.f. ) W.E.Higgins 1997

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as Protheschea spondiana; Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 10: 731. 1852 as Epidendrum spondianum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum spondianum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Epidendrum spondianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum spondianum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 36. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum platycardium; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum spondianum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum spondianum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium spondianum; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 as Encyclia spondiana photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as Encyclia spondiana; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1428 Mora & Atwood 1992 as Encyclia spondiana drawing fide; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudin & Tobisch 1995 as Encyclia spondiana; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 as Encyclia spondiana; The Orchids of Panama Williams 1980 as Epidendrum spondianum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum spondianum; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1992 as Encyclia spondiana; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Prosthechea spondiana; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo fide; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 a Prosthechea spondiana photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Prosthechea sponiana photo fide