Herminium pugioniforme Lindl. ex Hook.f. 1890

Photo by Holger Perner


Drawing by Susanna Stuart-Smith and The Flora of China Website

Part shadeCold LATE SpringSummer

Common Name The Dagger-Shaped Herminium - In China Jian Chun Dou Rui Lan

Flower Size .1" [2.5 mm]

Found in Qinghai, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan provinces of China, India, Kashmir, Nepal and Bhutan in forests, alpine thickets and in meadows at elevations of 2700 to 5200 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a globose tuber giving rise to an erect to ascending, slender to relatively stout stem with 1 to 2, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, basal, oblanceolate, oblong, narrowly ellliptic to elliptic, obtuse to acute leaf that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, .6 to 2" [1.6 to 5 cm] long, 3 to 10 flowered inflorescence with broadly ovate, much shorter than the ovary, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Androcorys pugioniformis (Lindl. ex Hook.f.) K.Y.Lang 1996; Herminium nivale Schltr. 1924; *Herminium pugioniforme Lindl. ex Hook.f. 1890; Monorchis pugioniformis (Lindl. ex Hook.f.) O.Schwarz 1949

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Herminium pugionforme drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Herminium pugioniforme; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 as Herminium pugioniforme drawing fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as Androcorys pugioniformis drawing fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Androcorys pugioniformis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Androcorys pugioniformis drawing fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Terrestrial Orchids Naresh Swami 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;