!Anguloa uniflora Ruiz and Pavon 1798

Partially dissected flower


Photos by Dr Henry Oakeley

Another Flower

Photo by Jay Pfahl


Common Name The Single-Flowered Anguloa

Flower Size 4" long [10 cm]

A large sized, robust, cool to cold growing terrestrial species found at elevations of 1400 to 2500 meters from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests in deep shade and in deep leaf mold, with clustered, generally dark green with a satiny surface, longitudinally grooved pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 3 to 5, smaller, leaflike sheaths and carrying 2, apical, plicate, elliptical, leaves that blooms after the deciduous leaves fall in summer until early fall on an erect, 6 to 10" [15 to 25 cm] long, often 2, inflorescence with 5 to 7 graduated, inflated, large bracts with ovate, acuminate, subinflated floral bracts all arising basally as the new growths appear in the late winter and has a solitary, tulip-like, fleshy, fragrant, long lasting flower held at mid-leaf height.

The plant is generally leafless come blooming time so the new growth has the only leaves on the plant.

Synonyms Anguloa mantini hort. 1895; Anguloa uniflora var. treyeranii Rolfe 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1953; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing not = A tognetiae; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 2 1979 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing not = A tognetiae; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 402 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 #1 1987 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0007 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing hmm; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 drawing/photo fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 5 COS 1994 photo hmm; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo not = A eburnea; Orchid Digest Vol 63 #4 1999 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 21 #2 1999 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 4 2000 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 605 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 3 2002; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 photo fide; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa The Essential Guide Oakley 2008 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photos fide; Orchid Digest Vol 79 #3 2015 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #1 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 drawing fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 photo fide