Appendicula cornuta Blume 1825 SECTION Appendicula

Photo by © Rogier Van Vugt and his P Base Photo Website

Plant and Flowers

Photo by © Peter O'Byrne

Part ShadeHotCool Summer Fall

Common Name The Horned Appendicula - In Thailand Hang maeng ngao - In China Nui Chi Lan

Flower Size .2" [5.5 to 6mm]

Found in Guangdong and Hainan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Philipines, Sulawesi and Sumatra at elevations of sealevel to 2000 meters in humid lowland, primary evergreen, broadleafed forests as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte on limestone outcroppings with an elongate, slightly zig-zag, erect, unbranched stem enveloped end to end by basally clasping, elliptic-oblong, distichous, bilobed, acute leaves and blooms in the summer and fall from a terminal and lateral, 1 1/4" [3 cm] long, several [4 to 10] flowered inflorescence with long-oval, very concave floral bracts carrying close set flowers, each having a leaf-like bract and they yellow with age.

Synonyms Appendicula bifaria Lindl. 1855; Appendicula bifaria var. wallichiana Hook.f. 1890; Appendicula brachiata (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912; Appendicula cyclopetala (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912; Appendicula manillensis (Schaued.) Rchb.f. 1859; Appendicula reduplicata C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f. 1878; Dendrobium bifarium Lindl. 1830; Dendrobium manilense Schauer 1843; Dendrobium pseudorevolutum Guillaumin 1958; Distichorchis bifaria (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003; Podochilus brachiatus Schltr. 1900; Podochilus cornutus (Blume) Schltr. 1900; Podochilus cyclopetalus Schltr. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Appendicula bifaria; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as A bifaria drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Materials For a Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Part 1 Ridley 1907 as Dendrobium bifarium; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 as Podochilus cornuta; Flora Of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 drawing not = D connatum; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Dendrobium bifarium = D connatum; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections = D connatum; Botanisk Tidsserift 67: 76-127 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand IV Seidenfaden 1972 drawing = D connatum; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Culture and Identification Vol 2 1979 drawing ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing/photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo; Lindleyana Vol 14 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman Wood etal 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Genera Orchidacearum Pridgeon, Chase, Cribb & Rassmusen 2005; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 2 2008; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo hmm; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 8 2011; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Thailand Vol 2 Vadhanaphuti 2014 photo good; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;