Arpophyllum giganteum Hartw. ex Lindley 1840 Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey

Another Plant Photo courtesy of Dr Maquis Hodes

LATEand

Common Name The Giant Arpophyllum

Flower SizeFlower Size 1/3" [.8 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela and Jamaica as a medium to large sized, warm growing epiphyte in foothill forests, at elevations of 800 to 1500 meters with cylindric, unifoliate, laterally compressed psedobulbs enveloped with tubular, scarious bracts, with lanceolate to strap-shaped, lightly falcate leaves that should be grown like a cool Cattleya with ample light and water and it will bloom in the late winter through spring on a terminal, 16" [40 cm] long, racemose inflorescence arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and subtended with a spatheceous bract with many spiralling flowers. This species has flat strap shaped leaves.

Synonyms Arpophylluum cardinale Lind. & Rchb.f 1854; Arpophyllum jamaicense Schlechter 1920; Arpophyllum medium Rchb.f. 1866; Arpophyllum squarrosum R.H. Torr. ex Lubbers 1880; Arpophyllum stenostachyum Schlechter 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as A cardinalis; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 32. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as A stenostachyum; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; Die Orchideen #8 29-32 tafel 8 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing/photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as A medium drawing fide; Native Orchids of Colombia Vol 1 COS 1990; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Volume 5 Withner 1998 as A cardinale photo fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Volume 5 Withner 1998 as A medium photo fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Volume 5 Withner 1998 drawing fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; The Orchids of Venezuela: An Illustrated Field Guide Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; Enclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1987 as Arpophyllum spicatum; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992; Flora's Orchid Nash & La Croix 2005; Native Orchids of Colombia Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 4 2002 photo; Orquedias Nativas de Tachira Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Field Guide to the orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as A medium drawing ok; Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as A medium drawing fide; The Orchids of Guatemala and Belize; Ames and Correl 1985; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 1995 as Arpophyllum jamaicense Schlecter 1920; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as Arpophyllum jamaicense Schlecter 1920; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 602 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1402 Mora Atwood 1992 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 524 Hamer 1982 as Arpophyllum medium drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 603 Hamer 1982 as Arpophyllum medium drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo as A medium; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 522 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photos fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Arpophyllum medium photos good; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 4 2008 photo; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo ok;

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