!Arundina graminifolia [D Don] Hochr. 1910 Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Flower Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Photo Site

Plant Photos by Richard Alkema

FragrantSunnyHot TO IntermediateSpringSummerFallWinter

Common Name The Grass-Like Leaf Arundina - The Bamboo Orchid - In China Zhu Ye Lan

Flower Size 2 1/2" [6.25 cm]

Commonly called the bamboo orchid because of it's thin, tall stem with alternating, lanceolate, acuminate leaves appears as bamboo, it is a giant sized, warm to hot growing, polypodial, terrestrial orchid at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters and blooms through out the year on a terminal, 3 1/4" [8 cm] long, simple or branched, scapose, bracteate inflorescence that carries 2 to 6, fragrant, Cattleya-like flowers, one at a time, that are short-lasting yet successive so the bloom time is extended. It has the same cultural requirements as Sobralia. This plant has been enlarging it's distribution from Asia as it has colonized many new habitats, including Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Jamaica and Guadeloupe. This species can keiki from just below the raceme after flowering.

Synonyms Arundina affinis Griff. 1851; Arundina bambusifolia [Roxb]Lindley 1831; Arundina cantleyi Hook. f. 1890; Arundina celebica Schltr. 1911; Arundina chinensis Blume 1825; Arundina densa Lindley 1842; Arundina densiflora Hook. f. 1890; Arundina graminifolia var. revoluta (Hook. f.) A.L. Lamb 1994; Arundina maculata J.J. Sm. 1933; Arundina meyenii (Schauer) Rchb. f. 1852; Arundina minor Lindl. 1831; Arundina philippi Rchb. f. 1852; Arundina pulchella Teijsm. & Binn. 1855; Arundina pulchra Miq. 1861; Arundina revoluta Hkr.f 1890; Arundina sanderiana Kraenzl. 1893; Arundina speciosa Bl. 1825; Arundina speciosa var. sarasinorum Schltr. 1925; Arundina stenopetala Gagnep. 1932; Arundina subsessilis Rolfe 1914; Arundina tahitensis Nadeaud 1873; *Bletia graminifolia D. Don 1825; Cymbidium bambusifolium [Lindley]Roxb. 1814; Cymbidium meyenii Schauer 1843; Cymbidium speciosum Reinw. ex Lindl. 1859; Donacopsis laotica Gagnep. 1932; Limodorum graminifolium [D.Don] Buch.-Ham. 1890; Ophrys arundinacea Noronha 1790

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as A philippii; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as A speciosa; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1892 as A cantleyi drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as A bambusifolia; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 A bambusifolia drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as A speciosa; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 A philippii; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as A speciosa drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915;Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as A densa drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Holtum 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1959 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 7 1959 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Donocopsis laotica; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Teo 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 3 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 photo; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 7 1987 photo; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 4 1993 photo; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Shim, Lamb & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 206 Bennet & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; ; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 5 1999 photo; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 2 2000; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Lindleyana Vol 14 No 4 2000; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 5 2000 photo; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photo fide; A to z of SE Asian Orchid Species O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 4 2002 photo; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; Orchid Flora of Kamrup District, Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 2 Tanaka 2004; Flora's Orchid Nash & La Croix 2005; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 5 2010 drawing/photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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