Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818 Photo by Tyrone Genade

Plant and Flower in situ South Africa Photo by Cameron McMaster Photos by Tyrone Genade

Common Name Burmann's Bartholina [Dutch Botanist 1700's]

Flower Size 1.4" [4 cm]

Found in southwestern and southern Cape Province South Africa in fynbos and Restio-veld at eleavtions of sea level to 1200 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial withsmall subterrenean tubers giving rise to a solitary, basal, flattened to the ground, broadly cordate to orbicular, basally cordate leaf that blooms usually after fires in the late winter and spring on a terminal, erect, to 8" [to 20 cm] long, brown, pubescent, single flowered inflorescence with spathaceous, oblong-lanceoalte, subacute, pubescent floral bracts.

Synonyms Arethusa ciliaris L.f. 1782; Bartholina lindleyana Rchb.f. ex Rolfe 1912; Bartholina pectinata (Thunb.) R.Br. 1813; Habenaria burmanniana (L.) R.Br. 1810; Lathrisia pectinata (Thunb.) Sw. 1829; *Orchis burmanniana L. 1760; Orchis pectinata Thunb. 1794

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B pectinata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as B pectinata drawing fide; Die Orchideen #4 13-16 tafel 5 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 2 1979 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 photo; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide;