Bifrenaria racemosa [Hkr.] Lindl. 1843 SECTION Stenocoryne Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista


Common Name or Meaning The Racemose Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Espirito Santo and Minas Gerais states of Brazil as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with ovoid, compressed, slightly four angled pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, lanceolate, plicate leaf that is conduplicate below and blooms in the summer and fall on a basal, racemose, few to several flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb.

This species is close to B charlesworthii but can be separated by the smaller flowers, the white calli on the lip, the glabrous [not pubescent] lip, and the spur more parallel to the ovary [in B charlesworthii it is perpendicular].

Synonyms Adipe fulva Rafin. 1836; Adipe melanopoda (Klotzsch) M.Wolff 1990; Adipe racemosa Rafin 1836; Bifrenaria melanopoda Klotzsch 1855 ; Colax racemosus Spreng 1828; *Maxillaria racemosa Hook 1827; Stenocoryne melanopoda (Klotzsch) Hoehne 1944; Stenocoryne racemosa [Hook] Kraenzl. 1896; Xylobium racemosum (Hook.) Sweet 1830

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne racemosa drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1982 as Stenocoryne racemosa photo not = ?; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne melanopoda drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne racemosa; Orchidaceae Brasilense Pabst & Dungs 1970; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 as B melanopoda photo fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo good; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 as Adipe melanopoda; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 as Adipe racemosa photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses 1 Plate 11 Campacci & Castro Neto 2000 as B melanopoda drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 013 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing good; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Orchidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espiritu Santo Brasil Vol 4 Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 as B charlesworthii not = B racemosa photo fide;