Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859 Photo by © Gilardo Laguna

Full ShadeCold Spring summer

Common Name or Meaning The Tuberculate Brachionidium [refers to the callus of the lip]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia and northern Brazil at elevations around 2500 to 2900 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing mostly terrestrial orchid in leaf humus or low epiphyte with an ascending rhizome giving rise to ramicauls enveloped by 3 long-mucronate sheaths that are tuberculate on the lower margins and carrying a single, apical, suberect, coriaceous, more or less purple suffused, broadly elliptical, prominently 7 to 11 veined, subacute to obtuse, broadly cuneate below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, .4 to 1.2" [1.1 to 3 cm] long, solitary flowered inflorescence arising from near the apex of the ramicaul with a bract near the middle and an inflated, long-mucronate floral bract and carries a non-resupinate flower that can be yellow to light to dark purple.

Synonyms Brachionidium concolor Lindl. 1859; Brachionidium floribundum Garay 1956; Brachionidium sherringii var. typicum Stehlé 1939; Brachionidium steyermarkii Foldats 1968; Yolanda floribunda (Garay) Brieger 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Brachionidium floribundum not = B tuberculatum drawing good; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as B floribundum; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as B steryermarkii drawing fide; ; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 8 449 - 512 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1976 as Yolanda floribunda; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as B floribundum not = B tuberculatum drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1994 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XII Luer 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 1 Vasquez & Ibisch 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira' Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideologia 2014 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide