Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840 Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

FragrancePart sunWarmTo Cold LATESpring TO EARLY Fall

Common Name The Warty Brassia

Flower Size 6" or less

This large species is a warm to cold growing epiphyte of open humid, evergreen to semi-deciduous cloud forests on tree trunks and larger branches from altitudes of 900 to 2400 meters that range into Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Peru and Brazil with ovoid-conic, furrowed, slightly laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by 1 to 2 foliaceous bracts and has 2, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate leaves that are conduplicate at the base. It is distinguished from the other Brassia by the green warts on the base of the lip. They flower in the late spring through the early autumn on a basal, to more than 2' [60 cm] long, erect to arching inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb which are strongly 2 ranked and carry many [10 to 20] flowers that are slightly scented of black pepper and need regular waterings and fertilizer year round.

The lip of B verrucosa when flattened is oblong-obovate and is essentially unlobed and the flowers are smaller than B brachiata.

Plants found in Costa Rica, Panama and South America with this name are either B brachiata [Central America] or B bidens [South America].

Synonyms Brassia aristata Lindley 1844; Brassia coryandra C. Morr. 1848; Brassia cowani R.H. Torr. ex Lindl. 1854; Brassia longiloba DC 1848; Brassia odontoglossoides Klotsch & Karst. 1847; Brassia ophioglossoides Klotzsch & Karst.; ; Oncidium verrucosum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1863

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 3 1981 photo; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 11 1986 photo; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 625 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1510 Mora & Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Simon & Schusters Guide to Orchids Fanfani & Rossi 1988; Orchids of Guatemala & Belize Ames & Correwll 1985; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1997; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 33-6 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 3 2003 photo; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1982; Orquedias de El Salvador Hamer 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 3 2005 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 5 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide;