Bulbophyllum moniliforme Par & Rchb.f 1874 SECTION Minutissima Pfitzer 1888 Photos courtesy of Manorot Tangsaveepha Copyright , and the Butterfly and Orchids Photo Gallery

Plant and Flowers Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Part shadeHot To Warm FallWinter

Common Name The Necklace-Like Bulbophyllum

Flower Size 3/16" [1 mm]

Found in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, India, Myanamar and Thailand as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or occasional lithophyte at elevations around 20 to 800 meters with very small, wrinkled, round, glossy green pseudobulbs in clusters with a single, apical, tiny, deciduous leaf that blooms in the fall winter after leaf-fall on a 3/4" [2 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence holding the flowers above the leaf. One of the smallest sized orchid of the Bulbophyllum.

It has come to my attention that for many years I have had this species and B minutissima confused and have said they are synomonous, nothing could be farther from the truth as the photos supplied attest. Kew along with many other major orchid references have these 2 as the same species please take note that they are indeed separate. One major difference other than the flower is the fact that this one blooms after the leaf has fallen, B minutissima always keeps its leaf when blooming.

Synonyms Dendrobium nummulifolium R.King 1879; Phyllorchis moniliformis (Parish & Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list as Synonym of B minutissima not!, IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 40 Bulbophyllinae 1983 drawing; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VIII Bulbophyllum Thou. Seidenfaden 1990 drawing fide; Orchids Of India II Biodiversity & Status of Bulbophyllum Thou Augustine & Kumar 2001; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Oncophyllum minutissimum; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok;