Calanthe striata R.Br. ex Spreng 1826SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Plant in situ with flowers

Photos by Natsui from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page

Flower sent in as C discolor var flava

Photo by Jean Claude George.


Common Name The Striped Calanthe - in China Da huang hua xia ji lan

Flower Size 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" [3.8 to 6.5 cm]

Found in Taiwan, China, Korea, Ryukyu Islands and Japan in lowland and lower montane forests as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a small, ovoid pseudobulb enveloped by leaf sheaths and carrying broadly elliptic, plicate, acute, glabrous above, minutely pubescent beneath leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on an erect, developing before the leaves are fully expanded, glabrous, rachis to 2.4 to 6" [6 to 15 cm] long, overall 16 to 20" [40 to 50 cm] long, terminal, laxly many flowered, racemose inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and carrying citrus scented flowers.

Synonyms Calanthe bicolor Lindl. 1838; Calanthe bicolor var. treutleri Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe biloba var. treutleri Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe citrina Scheidw. 1838; Calanthe discolor Lindl. var flava 1838; Calanthe discolor var. sieboldii (Decne. ex Regel) Maxim. 1872; Calanthe kawakamii Hayata 1911; Calanthe sieboldii Decne. ex Regel 1868; Calanthe sieboldii var kawakamii Decne. ex Regel 1868; Calanthe striata var. bicolor (Lindl.) Maxim. 1873; Calanthe striata var. sieboldii (Decne. ex Regel) Maxim. 1873; Calanthe striata var. unilamellata Finet 1900; Limodorum striatum Banks 1791; *Limodorum striatum Sw. 1799; Spathoglottis unguiculata Benth. & Hook.f. 1883

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as C discolor var flava drawing ; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 as C bicolor; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 as Spathoglottis unguiculata; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 3 1991 photo as C sieboldii photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; A to Z of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2001; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1985; Australian Orchid Review Vol 70 No 4 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 6 2005 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C sieboldii; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as C sieboldii photo fide;

Calanthe sieboldii var kawakamii "good fortune" Decne. ex Regel 1868 - See Calanthe striata R.Br. ex Lindl. 1833

Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

A yellow color version of the previous species.