Catasetum gnomus Linden & Rchb.f 1873 SUBGENUS Catasetum SECTION Catasetum Photo by Daniel Souza


Common Name The Gnome-Like Catasetum

Flower Size 2" [6cm]

This species is a medium sized, hot to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte from Amazonas state in Brazil and Peru growing on lowland trees near watercourses in wet montane forests at elevations of 200 to 1200 meters that has ovoid, ridged pseudobulbs carrying 4 to 5, elliptic-obovate, petiolate, abruptly acuminate leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an arching or loosely erect, to 16" [40 cm] long, loosely multi-flowered [4 to 12], racemose inflorescence with broadly ovate floral bracts and carrying fragrant wintergreen scented, non-resupinate flowers that arise on a newly mature pseudobulb and has three different sexes visible in it's flowers, male, female, and hermaphrodite.

Synonyms Catasetum collare Cogn. 1895; Catasetum georgii Mansf. 1928; Catasetum gnomus hort.; Catasetum gnomus var. phasma (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1902; Catasetum heteranthum Barb. & Rodr. 1877; Catasetum huebneri Schltr. 1925; Catasetum huebneri Mansf. 1928; Catasetum mocuranum Schltr. 1925; Catasetum negrense Schltr. 1925; Catasetum quornus hort. 1895; Catasetum phasma Rchb. f. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1870 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C gnomus var phasma; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1976 drawing = Var phasma; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 26 1584 - 1648 Brieger 1992 photo good; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 photo fide; Orchids Of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 412 Bennet & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson/Escobar 1999 as C collare female flower; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 see below photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016

Catasetum gnomus var. phasma (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1902 Photo by Fabian Ornaghi's

Orchidaceae Brasilensis band1 Pabst & Dungs 1976 as C gnomus drawing fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 as C gnomus photo fide;