Catasetum integerrimum Hooker 1840 SUBGENUS Catasetum SECTION Isoceras Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Plant In situ in Mexico Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey

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Common Name The Intact Catasetum

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

A warm to hot growing epiphyte found on trees in humid forests, coffee plantations and open country at elevations up to 1850 meters that is from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Cuba? with ovoid to fusiform pseudobulbs carrying 6 to 8, oblong-lanceolate, deciduous leaves and blooms in the late spring till fall on an arching to suberect, 8" [25 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with bracts arising on a mature pseudobulb. The 3 to 10 fleshy, fragrant flowers do not open well, and they can be male [rightmost flowers in photo], female [leftmost flowers in photo] or hermaphroditic. The flowers appear to be monks wearing cowls and as all Catasetums have the capability of ejecting their pollina [arrow 2 in photo] from the male flower, up to 8 feet with the purpose of depositing it on an insects back that is rummaging around the flower. The photo here shows both male and female flowers and if examined closely [ arrow 1 in photo], you can see the pollina within the stigmatic cavity.

Synonyms Catasetum integrinum Beer; Catasetum integerrimum var flavescens Cogn. 1894; Catasetum integerrimum var. luteo-purpureum Cogn. 1902; Catasetum integerrimum var. purpurascens Hook. 1840; Catasetum integerrimum var. viridiflorum Hook. 1840; Catasetum maculatum Bateman non Kunth 1822; Catasetum wailesii Hkr. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 2 1961 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 14 No 1 1979 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1982; An Introduction to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Icones Orchidacearum Plate 6 Hagaster 1990 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 628 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000