Cattleya maxima Lindley 1833 SUBGENUS Cattleya SECTION Maximae Withner 1988 Photo by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Greatest Cattleya; In South America Flor de Navidad or Christmas Flower

Flower Size 5" [12.5 cm]

A medium sized, cool to warm growing, unifoliate, epiphyte and occasional lithophyte from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and northern coastal Peru that is found at elevations of 10 to 1500 meters in seasonally dry, coastal forests with clavate, lightly complante, sulcate pseudobulbs subtended by several, imbricating, nonfoliaceous sheaths and a single, apical, oblong or narrowly elliptic-oblong, clasping, obtuse, minutely bilobed, thickly coriaceous leaf and blooms in the fall through the winter on a terminal, to 12" [30 cm] long, erect or arching, few to several flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb subtended with a large, basal, elongate sheath from which arise 3 to 15, long-lived, fragrant, somewhat heavy textured flowers that are held just at or above leaf height.

Synonyms Cattleya malouana L. Linden & Rodigas 1986; Cattleya maxima f. alba (A.H.Kent) L.Becker 2014; Cattleya maxima f. aphlebia (Rchb.f.) Roeth 2010; Cattleya maxima subvar. alba A.H.Kent 1887; Cattleya maxima var. aphlebia Rchb.f. 1884; Cattleya maxima var. backhousii Rchb.f. 1885; Cattleya maxima var. hrubyana L.Linden & Rodigas 1885; Cattleya maxima var. marchettiana B.S.Williams 1891; Epidendrum maximum [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing fide; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Epidendrum maxima; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Epidendrum maximum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 8 1957 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 11 1960 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 019 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Growing Orchids Vol 2 Rentoul 1982; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 1 1987 photo; Orchids of Venezuela Dunsterville 1987 draqwing/photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; The Cattleya and their Relatives Withner Vol 1 1988 photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 5 1993 drawing; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum plate 012 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 12 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 5 2001 photo; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 1 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 1 2004 photo; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae Jimenez & Jimenez 2014; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide;


Cattleya maxima Lindley 1831 var alba Subgen Cattleya sec Maximae Withner 1988 Photo by David Hunt

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide;