Catasetum pileatum Rchb.f 1882 SUBGENUS Catasetum SECTION Anisoceras Photo courtesy of JEM Orchids

Red Version Close UpPhoto courtesy of Stefan Paeffgen

Another Color Form

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Jean Claude George

Inflorescence Photos courtesy of Danny Lentz plant grown by the Atlanta Botanical Garden

White color form Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Female Flower Photo courtesy of David Jubineau and His Bulbophyllum Pages Copyright

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Common Name The Felt-Capped Catasetum

Flower Size more than 4" [to more than 10 cm]

This large sized, epiphytic species comes from Venezuela, where it was the national flower until 1921 when it was changed to Cattlaya mossiae var wagnerii, as well as Colombia and Ecuador in lowland forest at elevations around 100 to 200 meters that has hot tropical conditions with a long wet period and a short dry season where it grows warm to hot with clustered, fusiform-ovoid, several noded pseudobulbs that are enveloped by several leaf bearing sheaths carrying distichous, lanceolate, suberect, plicate leaves and blooms in the spring through fall on a basal, erect to pendant, 12" [30 cm] long, several to many [4 to 10] flowered, racemose inflorescence that has fragrant flowers that open very flat and arise on a mature pseudobulb.

Synonyms Catasetum bungerothii N.E.Br 1886 and all varieties; Catasetum pileatum var album Gogn. 1902; Catasetum pileatum var aurantiacum Cogn 1895; Catasetum pileatum var lindenii Hort 1894; Catasetum pileatum var pottsianum Linden & Rodig. 1887; Catasetum pileatum var randii Rodigas 1890; Catasetum pileatum var regale Hort. 1894

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 8 1960 photo; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 8 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Pabst & Dungs 1976; The Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 NO 1 1980 photo; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1982; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 7 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin VOl 56 No 6 1987 photo; Venezuelan Orchids Dunsterville 1987; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 4/118 1991 photo; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 10 1995 photo; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 as C pileatum var imperialis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 7 1998 photo; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 1 2003 photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo;

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