Cattleya violacea (HBK) Rolfe 1889 SUBGENUS Schomburgkoidea Withner 1989

Flower Closeup Photos by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name Violet Cattleya

Flower Size 5" [13 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador at elevations of 200 to 700 meters in exposed locations on trees near rivers in low, hot, wet tropical forests as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing, ascending, bifoliate epiphyte with clavate, slightly compressed, elongate pseudobulbs that are sulcate with age and covered basally with close scarious, nonfoliaceous sheaths that are soon evanescent that blooms in late spring and early summer on a terminal, 3 to 4" [8 cm] long, erect or semi-erect, stout, reddish, few to several [3 to 7] flowered, racemose inflorescence subtended by 1 or 2 basal sheaths with a terete peduncle and fragrant, long-lived flowers that open very flat, all arising on a newly formed pseudobulb.

This species is best grown without any rest and is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms Cattleya schomburgkii Lodd. ex Lindl. 1838; Cattleya superba R.H. Schomb. ex Lindl. 1838; Cattleya superba var. alba Rolfe 1890; Cattleya superba var. ashworthii auct. 1895; Cattleya superba var. splendens Lem. 1869; Cattleya superba var. wellsiana auct. 1894; Cattleya violacea f. alba (Rolfe) Christenson 1996; Cattleya violacea var. alba (Rolfe) Fowlie 1977; Cattleya violacea var. ashworthii (auct.) Braem 1984; Cattleya violacea var. huebneri Schltr. 1925; Cattleya violacea var. splendens (Lem.) Fowlie 1977; Cattleya violacea var. wellsiana (auct.) Braem 1984; *Cymbidium violaceum Kunth 1816; Epidendrum superbum (R.H. Schomb. ex Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862; Epidendrum violaceum (Kunth) Rchb. f. 1861

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Epidendrum violaceum; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Epidendrum superbum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1957; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960 photo; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 photo as C superba; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 10 1966; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 NO 1 1980 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 6 1980 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel; Cribb & Laurent 1982; Growing Orchids Vol 2 Rentoul 1982; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Orchid Digest Vol 47 No 3 1983 photo fide; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 10 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988; The Cattleya and their Relatives Withner Vol 1 1988 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0311 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 photo; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum plate 015 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 11 2002 drawing; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2006 photo; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowska and Baranow 2012 drawing/photo fide;

Cattleya violacea 'Queen Victoria'

An albiscens cultivar Photo by Jesus Cedeno

Plant grown by Mrs. Luisa Ridolfi