Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 SECTION Cirrhopetalum [Lindl.] Rchb.f 1861

TYPE for the section

Photo by © Weyman Bussey. plant grown by Howard Gunn

Flower detail

Flower detail

Photos by © Jay Pfahl

View from above

Photo by © Patricia Harding

Another Flower From Sabah

Photo by © Zainal Abidin Bin Othman

Plant and Yellow Flowers in situ Reunion

Plant and Red Flowers in situ Reunion

Photo by © François Vandeschricke and The Orchidees de Reunion Website

Common Name The Long Flowered Bulbophyllum - In Australia The Pale Umbrella Orchid

Flower Size 2" Long [5 cm]

found in Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Seychelles and on into Bhutan, Malaysia, Queensland Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Fiji and the Society and Austral Islands in rainforests and hill forests at elevations of sealevel to 1700 meters near and over watercourses on vertical tree trunks as a small sized, hot to warm growing, unifoliate epiphyte with obliquely conical pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblong, petiolate leaf that blooms from spring summer through autumn on a basal, slender, to 8" [20 cm] long, wiry inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb, with 6 to 8, foul-smelling flowers radiating from the apex in an umbel.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum clavigerum [Fitz.] F. Mueller 1884; Bulbophyllum eberhardtii ( Gagnep. ) Seidenf. 1992; Bulbophyllum layardii [F. Meul. & Krnzl.]J.J.Sm. 1912; Bulbophyllum trisetum Ames 1912; Cirrhopetalum africanum Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitz. 1883; Cirrhopetalum eberhardtii Gagnep. 1931; Cirrhopetalum kenejianum Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum layardii F. Meuller & Krnzl. 1894; Cirrhopetalum longiflorum [Thou.]Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum thomasinii Lindley ex Josst 1851; Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindley 1824; Cirrhopetalum thouarsii var. concolor Rolfe 1892; Cirrhopetalum trisetum (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994; Cirrhopetalum umbellatum [Forst.] Hkr. & Arn 1832; Cirrhopetalum zygoglossum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994; Cymbidium umbellatum [Forst.] Spreng. 1815; Epidendrum umbellatum Forst. 1786; Inobulbum layardii (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1998 ; Phyllorchis clavigera [Fitz.] Ktze. 1891; Phyllorchis longiflora Kuntze 1891; Phyllorchis thouarsii [Lindl.]Ktze 1891; Phyllorchis umbellata [Forst.]Ktze. 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Historie Particulier des Plantes Orchidees Recueilles Sur Trois Iles Australes d'Afrique Thouars 1822 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cirrhopetalum thouarsii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cirrhopetalum layardii; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/1981 drawing fide; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912[1985] as Bulbophyllum kenejianum; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; AOS Bullletin Vol 32 # 10 1963 as Cirrhopetalum africanum photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 10 1968 as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum photo fide; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as C umbellatum photo ok; The Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi Morris 1970 sa Cirrhopetalum umbellatum; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfaden 1973 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as C africanum; Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependences Vol 8 Orchidaceae Halle 1977 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 #2 1979 as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum photo fide; The Orchids of The High Mountains of New Guinea P Van Royen 1979; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 # 4 1983 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 13 753 - 816 Bulbophyllinae Brieger 1983 as Cirrhopetalum loniflorum; Malawi Orchids Vol 1 La Croix 1983 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as B longiflorum drawing fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984; AOS Bulletion Vol 56 No 3 1987 postage stamp fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 - A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermeullen 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 Drawing fide; Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands Raulerson & Rinehart 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 10 1993 postage stamp fide; AOS Bulletin No 63 No 10 1994 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 as B longiflorum; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 as B longiflorum; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996 as B longiflorum photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997;Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Inobulbon layardii; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photos fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002 as Bulbophyllum longiflorum; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003 as B longiflorum; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003 as B trisetum; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003 incorrect; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 1 2005 as Cirrhopetalum trisetum photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Cirrhopetalum clavigerum photo fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007; New species of Bulbophyllum from eastern Malesia (Orchidaceae) Nordic Journal of Botany 26: 129-195, 2008 Vermuellen; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #3 2009 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Bulbophyllum: the incomplete Guide From A to why? Bill Thoms 2009 photo fide; Lankestriana 11(2): 99-177 Whistler & Cribb 2011 Photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide to the 3rd photo; Bulbophyllum of Sulawesi Vermeullen & O'Byrne 2011 drawing/photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb Chase & Ramussen 2014; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #4 2015 photo fide; Bulbophyllum of Borneo J J Verm, P O'Byrne and Lamb 2015 photos/drawing fide; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 drawing good/photo fide; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;