Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975 TYPE for the section Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Front View of Flower

Inflorescence

Plant and Flowers Photos by Ed Merkle and Merkle's Orchids

Part sunHotFallWinter

Common Name Simond's Cleisostoma [Collector for Gagnepain mid 1900's] - In China Mao Zhu Ge Ju Lan

Flower Size 3/5" [1.5 cm]

Found from Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Thailand, Laos, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Hong Kong and Vietnam in tropical and subtropical forests at elevations of 100 to 1100 meters as an erect, terete leafed, small sized, hot to warm growing monopodial epiphyte with an erect stem enveloped completely by imbricating, leaf bearing sheaths and carrying terete, fleshy, linear, subacute to obtuse, sessile, jointed leaves that blooms on an axillary, arching then pendulous, slender, 4 to 11.2" [10 to 28 cm] long, simple to paniculate, several [11 to 20] flowered inflorescence with basal and then iserted at intervals, tubulbar, cylindric, ovate, triangular apically sheaths and lanceolate, subacute floral bracts and carrying small, long-lasting flowers that can occur at any time but most often in the fall and winter.

Synonyms Cleisostoma acutilabris (Guillaumin) Aver. 1988; Cleisostoma seidenfadenii Garay 1972; Cleisostoma simondii var. guangdongense Z.H.Tsi 1983; Cleisostoma teres Garay 1972; Echioglossum seidenfadenii (Garay) Szlach. 1995; Echioglossum simondii (Gagnep.) Szlach. 1995; Luisia acutilabris Guillaumin 1960; Sarcanthus appendiculatus Auct [non Lindl.] Benth & Hkr f. 1898; Sarcanthus siamensis Rolfe ex Downe 1925; Sarcanthus teretifolius [Lindl.] Lindl. 1833; *Vanda simondii Gagnep. 1951; Vanda teretifolia Lindl. 1821

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Dansk Botannisk Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand Cleisostoma Bl. Seidenfaden 1975; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Sarcanthus appendiculatus drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Sarcanthus appendiculatus drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Sarcanthus teretifolius; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Sarcanthus teretifolius drawing ok; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Sarcanthus siamensis drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Sarcanthus teretifolius; Indian Orchids A Guide to IDentification and Culture VOl 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 6 1982 drawing; Die Orchideen lieferung 21 Schlechter/Brieger 1989 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 as C teretifolium photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as Echioglossum simondii; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 as C simondii var guangdongense photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C simondii var guangdongense; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014 photo fide; Taiwania 60(3):107-116, 2015 - New species of the genus Cleisostoma in the flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Tich and Canh; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide

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