Coelia macrostachya Lindl. 1842


Photos by © Lourens Grobler


Common Name or Meaning The Large Raceme Coelia

Flower Size About 1/2" [1.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing epipytic, lithophytic or terrestrial herb with clustered, ovoid to ellipsoid, olive green pseudobulbs carrying up to 5 apical, subplicate, coriaceous, linear-elliptic, acuminate leaves at elevations of 500 to 2500 meters in mountain rainforest, pine-oak, liquambar forest or dwarf forests of higher or exposed elevations that blooms in the spring and summer with a cylindrical, crowded, 18 to 24" [45 to 60 cm] long, basal raceme arising on a newly emerging pseudobulb with large, scarious, lanceolate to linear lanceolate floral bracts that sheath the many, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Bothriochilus macrostachyus (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1940; Coelia macrostachya var. genuina Rchb.f. 1866; Coelia macrostachya var. integrilabia Rchb.f. 1866

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 33. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Bothriochilus macrostachyus drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 5 1963 as Bothrochilus macrostachys photo fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Bothriochilus macrostachys drawing ok; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Hamer 1974 as Bothriochilus macrostachys drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Bothriochilus macrostachys; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 5 1981 Bothriochilus macrostachys drawing fide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 as Bothrochilus macrostachyus photo/drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1002 Hamer & Dodson 1984 as Bothrochilus macrostachys drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 6 1987 drawing/photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Bothrochilus macrostachyus drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 8 Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photos fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #2 2015 photo fide;