SITE LAST UPDATED 2/06/98 This Site Dedicated to Orchid Lovers Everywhere!
SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Coelogyeae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae. A most interesting group of 150 species that is found in all four climes, hot, warm, cool and cold and in most all of Asia east of India and on into Indonesia and Fiji. Great care must be given in knowing what climate a species comes from as they may not tolerate your conditions. Warm growing species like pandurata and speciosa require no rest while colder growing species need a dry rest in the winter. They can have close or far spaced psuedobulbs along the rhizome with 1 or 2 plicate leaves and inflorescences that arise from the apex of the pseudobulb or from the apex of a new growth. I find that wire baskets accomodate these potentially large plants best. My mature pandurata is in a 16" basket and grew out of it in 1 year!
Coelogyne Species List
The species list below was composed with information from the following sources.
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids by Alec Pridgeon. Published by the Timber Press
The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species By Bechtel, Cribb and Launert, Published by The MIT Press
A Guide to the Orchids Of the World By Hodgson, Paine, and Anderson Published by Angus
Minature Orchids By Rebecca Northen published by Prentice Hall
Minature Orchids By Jim & Barbara Mcqueen published by Timber Press
Species names that are synonyms of other species names are denoted with a ~.
- asperata Lindl. - Malysia and Sumatra to New Guinea and S.W. Pacific Islands - Alt 0-300m - Epiphyte and lithophyte - Primary forest near streams
- assamica Linden & Rchb.f.
- beccarii brachyptera Rchb.f. - Burma, Thailand and Indochina - similar to C. parishii but has a distinct callus on the lip
~brunnea Lindl. - See C. fuscescens
- confusa - Himalayas, Java,and the Philippines - Flowers in Spring - Intermediate to warm - minature - epiphyte or lithophyte - indirect light, even water year round
- corymbosa Lindl. - Himalayas - Alt 1800-2700m - Flowers from new pseudobulb - Cool - Minature
- cristata Lindl. - Himalayas - Alt 1500-2100m - Flowers in Winter to Spring - Cool - epiphyte or lithophyte - Moss covered trees or rocks
var lemoniana Lindl.
- dayana [Rchb.f.]Rolfe - Borneo - Flowers in Spring and Summer - Warm - Closely related to C. massageana
~ var massageana Ridley - See C. massageana
~densiflora Ridl. - See C. massageana
- elata - Himalayas - Alt 2000-3000m - Flowers in Spring - Cool
- fimbriata Lindl. - Nepal to China - Cool to intermediate - Closely allied to C. fulginosa and C. ovalis - minature
- flaccida Lindl. - Nepal, Sikkim, Burma, China and Laos - may be conspecific with C. lactea
- fostermani - Malaysia and Sumatra - high trees in lowland forests - needs a dry rest to flower 3 months later
- fragrans - ?Sanders list
- fulginosa Hkr. - Burma, Thailand and Java - Closely related to C. fimbriata and C.ovalis - minature
- fuscescens Lindl. - Himalayas -
var brunnea Lindl. - Burma, Thailand , Laos and Vietnam
- henryi - China - pseudobulbs are said to cure tuberculosis
- huetineriana Rchb.f. - may be conspecific with C. lactea
~huetineriana auct non Rchb.f.
- lactea Rchb.f. - Burma, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam -
- lamellata - New Hebrides and Fiji - Flowers in Summer - Warm
~laotica Gagn. - See C. fimbriata
- lawrenceana Rolfe - closely allied to C. speciosa but has thinner pseudobulbs, longer and larger inflorescences and has 3 longitudinal toothed parellel lamellae on thge base of the mid lobe
- lentiginosa Lindl. - Burma, Thailand and Vietnam - Alt 800-1400m -
~leungiana Hu - See C. fimbriata
- marmorata - Himalayas and the Philippines - Flowers in Spring - Intermediate - Mountainous areas
- mayeriana Rchb.f. - Malaysia and Indonesia - Warm - Likes slab culture - Similar to pandurata in color
- massangeana Rchb.f - Thailand to Indonesia - Warm - Fragrant - montane forest - closely allied to C. dayana, C. rochussenii and C. tomentosa
- merrillii - Philippines - Alt 300-2300m - Flowers in Autumn - Intermediate - lithophyte - mossy or humus covered rocks - semi-shade - Tree fern mount - minature
- mooreana Rolfe - Vietnam - Alt 1300m -
- mossiae -?Sanders list
- nitida Lindl. - Himalayas to Bangladesh, China and Indochina - Alt 1500-2300m - Flowers in Winter - Cool to intermediate - Epiphyte or lithophyte - Mossy rocks or trees - semi shade in Summer more light in winter to encourage flowering - Closely allied to C. corymbosa - often confused with C. punctulata
- ochracea - Himalayas - Altitude 2000-3000m - Flowers in Autumn - Cool to intermediate
~ochracea Lindl. - See C. nitida
- odoratissima - Sri Lanka and S. India - Flowers in Spring and Summer - minature
- ovalis Lindl. - Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Tibet, Burma and Thailand - Epiphyte- Often confused with C. fimbriata or C. fulginosa
~ovalis auct. - See fimbriata or fulginosa
- Malaysia and Indonesia - Flowers in spring - Warm - fragrant - epiphyte on large trees near lowland rivers - Basket with sphagnum or slab culture- Closely allied to C. parishii and C. mayeriana Rchb.f.
- pandurata Lindl.
- parishii J.D.Hk. - Burma - Flowers in March-June - Warm to Intermediate - similar to C. pandurata but has smaller flowers and less lip ornamentation
~pilosissima Planchon - See C. ovalis
- pogonoides - China - pseudobulbs are said to cure tuberculosis
- Coelogyne prasina Ridley
- punctulata Lindl. - often confused with C. nitida
- rochussenii - Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo and East to the Philippines - Closely allied to C. massageana - Flowers in Autumn - Intermediate to Warm
- rossiana - Burma - Flowers in Autumn - Intermediate
- sanderae - ?Sandersl list
- sanderiana - ?Sanders list
- speciosa Lindl. - Malaysia and Indonesia - Flowers in Spring to Summer - Intermediate to Warm - Pot or Basket culture
- tiomenensis -
- tomentosa - Closely allied to C. massageana yet has ovoid pseudobulbs and darker colored flowers - Malaya, Thailand, Java, Borneo and Sumatra? - Flowers in Spring - Intermediate to warm
~ var massageana Ridl. - See C.massageana
~triplicatula Rchb.f. - See C. ovalis
- virescens - India, Burma, N Thailand and Indochina - Flowers in Spring -
- wallichii - Japan - Chewing on pseudobulbs was said to cure toothache and a paste was made to draw boils
- xyrekes Ridl. - Malaysia and Thailand - Montane forests - closely related to C. speciosa
~zahlbructnerae - See C. marmorata