Cymbidium bicolor Lindl. 1833 SECTION Cymbidium Hunt 1970

Photo by Eric Hunt

Inflorescence

Photo by Zainal Abidin Bin Othman

Closeup of Flower C bicolor var pubescens

Photo by The Oman and His Orchid Website

FragranceFull sunHotWarmSpring To Summer

Common Name The Two-Colored Cymbidium - In Thailand - Kare karawn dam khaow - Katae taimai

Flower Size 1 3/4" [4.5 cm]

Found from Vietnam, pennisular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi, Java, Sumatra and the Philippines in evergreen broadleaf and in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands at elevations of 400 to 1100 meters as a large sized hot to warm growing epiphyte with ellipsoid, laterally compressed pseudobulbs carrying ligulate, thick, coriaceous, oblique to unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a 2' 5" [72 cm] long, basal, racemose scape that can be arched or pendant with up to 26, fragrant flowers that have brown scarious basal sheaths.

This species likes even year round, humid and warm conditions with regular fertilizer.

Synonyms Cymbidium aloifolium Sensu Bl. 1825; Cymbidium aloifolium var pubescens [Lindl.] Ridl. 1911; Cymbidium bicolor subsp. obtusum Du Puy & P.J.Cribb 1988; Cymbidium bicolor subsp. pubescens (Lindl.) Du Puy & P.J.Cribb 1988; Cymbidium celibicum [Schlechter]Schtr. 1925; Cymbidium pubescens Lindl. 1840; Cymbidium pubescens Lindl. var celibicum Schlechter 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as C pubescens; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as C pubescens drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C pubescens; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as C pubescens; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 as C pubescens drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as C pubesce3ns; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C pubescens; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 5 1980 as C pubescens photo fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as C pubescens drawing/photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 3 1984 as C pubescens drawing/photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as C pubescens; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 9 1992 postage stamp fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia & Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 4 2000 photo as C pubescens; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 as C pubescens photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; ; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as C bicolor var pubescens photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #2 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #10 2018 as C pubescens drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photofide

Cymbidium bicolor subsp. pubescens (Lindl.) Du Puy & P.J.Cribb 1988

Photo courtesy of Peter O'Byrne, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Found in Borneo, Java, Malaysia the Philippines, Sumatra and Sulawesi in riverine, hill forests and along roadside secondary trees at elevations of 400 to 1100 meters and differs from the type in the densely pubescent lip, the sepals that are just slightly longer than the petals and the petals are weakly porrect and spreading.

Synonyms Cymbidium celebicum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1925; Cymbidium pubescens Lindl. 1840; Cymbidium pubescens var. celebicum Schltr. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #2 2020 photo fide 2001 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007;

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