Cymbidium devonianum Paxton 1843 SECTION Bigibbarium Schlecter 1924

Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website


Floral Closeup

Photo by Eric Hunt

Full sunCool LATESpring EARLY Summer

Common Name Devon's Cymbidium [English Duke 1800's] - In China Fu Lan

Flower Size 1 to 1 1/2" [2.5 to 3.75 cm]

Found in Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam at altitudes of 1000 to 2000 meters in exposed locations on trees or mossy rocks in highland montane cloud forests from as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte that has small, ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by 5 to 6 scarious cataphylls and carrying 2 to 4 apical, suberect, thick, leathery, stoutly petiolate, channeled, oblong to lanceolate, obtuse to subacute, oblique, mucronate, margin entire leaves that are articulated from 2 to 6" away from the pseudobulb that blooms on a basal, sharply pendant, several to many [15 to 35] flowered, to more than 6 to 17.6" [15 to 44 cm] long, racemose inflorescence that has 6 to 7, cymbiform, acute, spreading, purple, subtending sheaths and triangular, acute floral bracts and carrying heavily textured, close set, long-lasting, color variable, non fragrant flowers occuring in late spring and early summer.

This species, unlike most other Cymbidiums, needs a semi-rest from water and fertilizer in the winter to insure proper blooming.

Synonyms Cymbidium rigidum Liu & Chen 2000; Cymbidium sikkimense Hooker f.1890

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1892 as C sikkimense drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin VOl 37 # 5 1968 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 #11 1969; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 1 1973 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 2 1973 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979 photo fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as C sikkimense drawing fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 5 1981 photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 9 1992 postage stamp fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 2 2000 photo; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchid Digest Vol 72 #1 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #2 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #3 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #10 2018 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #11 2019 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;