Cynorkis baronii Rolfe 1891SECTION Parviflorae

Photo by Masika Sipa and The Mada Magazine Website


Drawing by Perrier and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cool Cold Summer Fall

Common Name Baron's Cynorkis [English Missionary and Orchid Collector late 1800's]

Flower Size .48 to .6" [1.2 to 1.5 cm] long

Found in central and southeastern Madagascar on rocky outcrops and high elevation grasslands at elevations of 1500 to 2600 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or lithophyte with 2 elongated tubers giving rise to 2, radical, adpressed to the ground, oval to oval-lanceolate, acute-attenuate, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an erect, terminal, hispid-glandular, 2 to 4" [5 to 10 cm] long, several to 40 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Bicornella baronii (Rolfe ex Scott-Elliot) Szlach. & Kras 2006; Cynorkis nigrescens Schltr. 1916; Cynorkis nigrescens var. jumelleana Schltr. 1916; Cynorkis pauciflora Rolfe 1891; Cynosorchis baronii Rolfe 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/81 as Cynosorchis baronii drawing fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermns, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009 photo fide; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;