Cyrtochilum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1917 SECTION Myanthium Lindley

Plant [keiki] on inflorescence and flower in situ 2600 meters Jardin Antioquia Colombia 5/2014

Flower in situ 2800 meters Jardin Antioquia Colombia 1/2016

Side View of Flower in situ 2800 meters Jardin Antioquia Colombia 1/2016

Photos by © Jay Pfahl

Another flower

Photo by © Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Flower and Lip comparisons

Photos by © Deburgraeve, Moreno and Guttierez Morales

Part shadeCold LATEWinter SpringSummer Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Rope-Like Cyrtochilum [refers to the long wiry rhizome that gives rise to keikis like on an inflorescence growths]

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador in dense upper montane cloud forests at elevations of 2600 to 3600 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial or epiphyte with a caespitose to slightly creeping to a long wiry rhizome that gives rise to keikis, like on an inflorescence, ovate, slightly flattened pseudobulbs enveloped partially below by distichous sheaths becoming leaf bearing above and carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly obovate, acute, becoming conduplicate below into the elongate petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late winter through fall on an axillary, erect, elongate to 4' [120cm] long, scandent, twinning and strongly twisting, scabrous, paniculate, wiry,strongly twisting, many flowered inflorescence that can have plantlets arising from older inflorescence.

This species is sympatric and can be confused with C fiducularium but it has a shorter, stouter column and the additional apical, angular column lobes.

Synonyms Cyrtochilum scandens Kraenzl 1922; Dasyglossum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Königer & Schildh. 1994; Irenea funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Szlach., Mytnik, Górniak & Romowicz 2006; Odontoglossum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Garay 1970; *Oncidium funis F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; Trigonochilum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Senghas 1997

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 drawing good; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as C scandens; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 953 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 as Trigonochilum funis drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001 as Trigonidium funis; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 as Odontoglossum funis photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium/Odontoglossum alliance Bakers 2006; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae I Jimenenz 2014 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 as Dasyglossum funis drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #2 2017 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2018 photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide