!Cyrtosia javanica Blume 1825

Plant and Flower in situ Cameron Highlands

Photos by David Kuehn

Plant and Inflorescence

Flower Closeup

Photo by Donald Tan


Common Name The Javanese Cyrtosia - In China Rou Guo Lan

Flower Size vertically 5/8" [1.4 cm]

Occurring in Yunnan province of Chian, Thailand, penninsular Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Taiwan in bamboo forests at elevations of 700 to 2700 meters in lower montane, primary, evergreen, broad-leafed forests as a mini-miniature to small sized, warm to cold growing leafless mycoheterotrophic herb with a stout, erect rhizome with several spreading cylindrical fleshy roots and carrying several, erect, branched, often curved stems with numerous scale leaves and blooms on a terminal, elongating inflorescence with successive, nonresupinate flowers.

Synonyms Cyrtosia minahassae (Schltr.) Garay 1986; Galeola javanica (Blume) Benth. & Hook. f. 1883; Galeola kawakamii J.J.Sm. ex Koord.-Schum. 1913; Galeola minahassae Schltr. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Galeola javanica; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Galeola javanica drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 as Galeola javanica drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 as Galeola javanica drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 as Galeola javanica drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994 Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 photo/drawing good; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing hmm; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide; Turczaninowia 2011, 14(2) : 15100 Averyanov 2011 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 21 2018 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide