Cyrtopodium punctatum [L.]Lindley 1833

Inflorescence Photos by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Dotted Cyrtopodium - Bee Swarm Orchid, The Cow-Horn Orchid or Cigar Orchid - in Cuba - Canuela

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

A large sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial native of Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina in arid areas at elevations of 20 to 1200 meters with clustered, erect, fusiform elongate, many noded pseudobulbs enveloped by grey white sheaths when young and carrying linear to elliptic-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, distichous, spreading or recurved, elongate at the subpetiolate base, plicate leaves that blooms in late spring on a basal, branching, heavily bracteate, up to 5' [to 150 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence arising with a new growth, commonly called the cigar orchid because of it's pseudobulb's shape, it has deciduous leaves that it loses in the fall ,and thus should have less water in the winter, than when it is growing. The inflorecense appears just after the new lead for a psuedobulb begins to appear. This species is a warm to hot growing epiphyte or sometimes terrestrial found on dead or living trees, logs and stumps or in soil between rocks or on boulders at altitudes up to 1400 meters.

A paste similar to Mucilage is made for bookbinding by extracting the juices from the pseudobulbs and in Cuba extracts from this species has been used for skin and lung diseases and in Brazil as a purgative..

Synonyms Cymbidium trinerve G.Mey. 1818; Cyrtopodium bracteanum Linden ex Lindl. 1846; Cyrtopodium saintlegerianum Rchb. f. 1885; Cyrtopodium saint-legerianum hort. 1888; Cyrtopodium speciosissimum Planch. 1877; Cyrtopodium tigrinum Linden 1881; Cyrtopodium willmorei Knowles & Westc. 1837; Epidendrum mayzifolium Lindl. 1853; *Epidendrum punctatum L. 1760

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 136. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C saintlegerianum drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing ok; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 1 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 11 1958 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 10 1959 photo; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 10 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 4 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 5 1981 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 649 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 drawing fide/photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 10 1993 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 9 1995 photo; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 9 1998 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 4 2002 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 12 2002 drawing; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide as C saintlegerianum; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 8 2007 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 4 2008 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide

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