Cyrtopodium paniculatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay 1962

Plant in situ in Mexico

Photos by Weyman Bussey

Full sun Hot Cool Spring

Common Name The Paniculate Cyrtopodium

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Fr Guiana, Guyana, Surinam and Bolivia as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid at elevations of 300 to 2000 meters with cylindric, tapering at both ends, 10 to 20 noded pseudobulbs and carring many imbricating leaf bearing sheaths with lanceolate, plicate, acute leaves that blooms in the spring on a basal, sheathed to the first branch, 13" [32 cm] long, paniculate, many flowered inflorescence that arises with a newly emerging pseudobulb.

This species requires a dry winter, as the leaves yellow and fall, slow up watering and fertilizer for a couple of months. Resume regular treatment as the new growth appears in the late spring

Synonyms Cyrtopodium bracteatum Linden ex Lindl. 1846; Cyrtopodium punctatum var. bracteatum (Linden ex Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863; Dendrobium paniculatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. 1807; Dendrobium plicatum D. Dietr. 1816; *Maxillaria paniculata Ruiz & Pav. 1798

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten I Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as C naiguatae; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as C cristatum drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing not = C punctatum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing not = C punctatum; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = C punctatum; Native Colombia Orchids Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Cyrtopodium macrobulbum; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of the Valle del Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 drawing good; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide