Cyrtopodium flavum (Nees) Link & Otto ex Rchb 1830

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Flower

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista

Opening up Brush around Plant in situ - Boia Ceia' Brazil

Plant in situ

Photos by Jay Pfahl

FragranceFull sunCool TO HotSpring TO EARLY Summer

Common Name The Yellow Cyrtopodium

Flower Size 1 to 1 3/4" [2.5 to 4 cm]

Found in Paraiba, Para, Bahia, Rio de Janiero, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Parana and Santa Catarina states of Brazil at elevavtions of 1000 to 1100 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial in sandy soils or on rocks at elevations of sea level to 1100 meters with elongate, spindle-shaped, to 2' [60 cm] tall pseudobulbs carrying several, deciduous, long, narrow leaves and blooms on a basal, branched, 2' to 4'8" [60 cm to 1.5 meters] long, many flowered inflorescence with fragrant, long-lasting flowers occuring in the spring to early summer.

The in situ shots were taken in Boia Ceia', Sao Paulo State, Brazil at 1 meter in elevation, 20 yards away from the ocean in the shortest of the brush as the sand gives way to the first hardwood hammock. It had sand more than soil, with heavy leaf litter from sea grapes and was moderately shaded by a leafy bush. Several were found in the area all in exactly the same conditions. Wet springs to dry falls, yet still, there is high humidity year round with mists and light fogs common in the early morning hours. Being as the ocean is so close and the surf can be high, and the elevation is low [1 meter], these orchids must have some salt tolerance.

Synonyms Cyrtopodium paranaenese Schltr. 1920; Cyrtopodium paranaense var. pickelii Hoehne 1999; Cyrtopodium polyphyllum (Vell.) Pabst ex F. Barrios 1994; Cyrtopodium polyphyllum var. pickelii (Hoehne) L.C.Menezes 1999; *Epidendrum polyphyllum Vell. 1829; Tylochilus flavus Nees 1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C paranaense drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C paranaense var pickelii drawing ok; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as C paranaense drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as C paranaense var pickelii drawing fide;Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C polyphyllum; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as C paranaense drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 3 1995 as C paranaense photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 as C polyphyllum photo fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 as C polyphyllum photos fide; Historia do Patrimonio Natural do Espirito Santo Orquideas Freitas Machado 2008 as C paranaense; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #12 2010 photo fide; Orchidees du Bresil As Orquideas sa Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 photo/drawing fide