Dendrobium chrysanthum Wallich ex Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium

Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Flower and Inflorescence

Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids, Copyright 2002 All rights reserved



Photo by Tom Hansknecht

FragrancePart sunColdTo WarmSpringTo Fall

Common Name The Golden Yellow Flowered Dendrobium - in Thailand - Ueang thian - Ueang kham sai - Ueang pu loei - Bai morakot - Uang Sai Morakat - In China Shu Hua Shi Hu

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 2" [3.75 to 5 cm]

Found in the western Himalayas, Assam India, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam in humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests and primary, broadleafed, evergreen, lowland forests at elevations of 350 to 2200 meters This large sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte on limestone cliffs in narrow crevasses and terrestrial species is widespread through the Himalayan foothills of with pendulous, many noded, sulcate, to 5' [150 cm] long stems carrying ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, bright shiny green leaves that blooms from April till November on an axillary, very short, opposite of leaves, few to several flowered, racemose inflorescence that arise on the nodes on the upper portion of an immature leafed pseudobulb. The inflorescence arises opposite of the leaves with 1 to 3 fragrant, fleshy flowers and needs a drier winter rest to set the blooms for the following spring.

This species is best placed in a wire basket with well draining media to accommodate their pendant growth habit.

This species and D gibsonii are similar and often confused. This species has flowers with leaves, much wider petals, the lateral sepals are less spread apart and the lip opening is less round

Synonyms Callista chrysantha (Wall.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium chrysanthum var. anophthalama Rchb.f. 1883; Dendrobium chrysanthum var. microphthalama Rchb.f. 1879; Dendrobium microphthalmum Van Geert 1879; Dendrobium paxtonii Lindley not Paxton 1839

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D chrysanthum var anophtalmum; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D chrysanthum varmicrophtalmum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 3 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Beautiful Indian Orchids and How to grow them Ghose 1968 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 photo fide; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; Indian Orchids: A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 drawing fide ; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Opera Botanica #83 Orchid Genera in Thailand XII Dendrobium Sw. Seidenfaden 1985 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Northwest Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo ; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #3 2013 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #2 2018 Photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;