Dendrobium crystallinum Rchb. f. 1868 SECTION Dendrobium

Photo by Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Pages

Var Alba

Photo by Lourens Grobler

FragrancePart sunWarmTo CoolSpringandSummer

Common Name The Shiny Crystal Dendrobium [refers to the crystalline papillae on the column covering the anther cap] - in China Jing mao shi hu - in Thailand Ueang Sai sam si or Ueang nang fawn

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam on small trees in exposed locations of evergreen, semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands and primary montane forests at elevations of 700 to 1700 meters as a medium sized, pendulous, warm to cool growing epiphyte with slender, erect or pendant pseudobulbs without nodes carrying 2 to 4, linear-lanceolate, soft-textured, distichous, deciduous leaves. This species blooms in the spring and summer on a short to 2" [to 5 cm], axillary inflorescence with 1 to 3, very fragrant flowers that emerge from near the apex of the newest pseudobulb

This orchid needs a drier winter rest to achieve the spring and summer blooming, although in nature they are in an area that experiences a lot of morning dew. These orchids need to be mounted to accomodate the pendant growth habit.

Synonyms Callista crystallina (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium crystallinum var. hainanense S.J.Cheng & C.Z.Tang 1986

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1874 Drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Eudendrobiumcristallinum drawing fide; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 drawing good/photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981; Opera Botanica #83 Orchid Genera in Thailand XII Dendrobium Sw. Seidenfaden 1985 drawing/photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombay 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #4 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 as D crystallinum var alba Photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;