Dendrobium heterocarpum Wall. ex Lindl. 1830 SECTION Dendrobium

Photo by The Thai Guide to Thailand Website

Yellow Flower Form

Photo by Gary Yong Gee The Yong Gee Name Website

FragrancePart shadeCoolTo HotWinter Spring Summer

Common Name The Different Fruit Dendrobium - in Thailand - Ueang si tan - In China Jian Dao Chun Shi Hu

Flower Size 2 1/2" [6.25 cm]

Found from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra, Sulawesi and the Philippines in evergreen lowland forests and primary montane forests as a small to giant sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 100 to 1800 meters with fusiform or subcylindrical, erect or pendulous, many noded, yellow with age stems with tubular basal sheaths carrying deciduous, ligulate or oblong-lanceolate, acute to obtuse leaves that blooms in the winter, spring and summer on a lateral, short, few to several, long-lived, fragrant honeysucle to primrose scented or not, flowered inflorescence that arises from the nodes on 2 to 3 year old leafless canes.

Water and fertilizer should be reduced from the fall through the end of winter and resumed with the onset of new growth in the spring. This species is best accomodated by mounting on tree-fern or cork mounts or in a small hanging pot as it has long pendulous stems.

Synonyms Callista aurea [Lindl.] Kuntze 1891; Callista heterocarpa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium atractodes Ridl. 1885; Dendrobium aureum Lindl. 1830; Dendrobium aureum var. pallidum Lindl. 1839; Dendrobium heterocarpum var. henshalii Hook. 1857; Dendrobium minahassae Kraenzlin 1910; Dendrobium rhombeum Lindley 1843;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing good; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Materials For a Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Part 1 Ridley 1907 as D aureum; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D minahasse drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 7 1960 photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Beautiful Indian Orchids and How to grow them Ghose 1968; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978; Indian Orchids: A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as D aureum; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; The Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species - H. Bechtel, P. Cribb, E. Launert- 1982 photo fide; Orchidaniana Philippiana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984 as D aureum; Opera Botanica #83 Orchid Genera in Thailand XII Dendrobium Sw. Seidenfaden 1985 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Northwest Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo good; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo good; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing ok/photo maybe; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombay 1992 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo not = D rhombeum; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Species Culture Dendrobiums Bakers 1996; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Thailand Vadhanaphutti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 HMM?; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradham 2005 photo fide; The Dendrobiums H P Wood 2006 photo fide; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 as D rhombeum photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #4 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 6 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos hmm/ok?; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; A Guide to the Orchids of Myanmar Kurzweil & Lwin 2014 photo fide; Dendrobium of Borneo Wood 2014 photo/drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;