!Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw. 1799 SECTION Dendrobium Photo by Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers

Variegated Leaf Variety and Flowers Photos by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Species Photo Website

Tricolored Foliage Form Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty

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Common Name The Necklace-Shaped Dendrobium - In China Xi Jing Shi Hu

Flower Size to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

This species is from the Far East into Korea and China to the west and Taiwan to the south at altitudes of 800 to 3000 meters as a small to large sized, cold to warm growing epiphyte in broadleaf forests or lithophyte on rocks with erect or pendant stems, tufted, terete, many noded, slightly wider in the middle, purplish green stems caovered with greyish sheaths, yellow with age and carrying narrowly lanceolate, deciduous, abtuse leaves. The bloom season is from winter until the end of summer on a very short, 2 fragrant flowered raceme which arise from the nodes of older leafless canes because the plant is deciduous. They need less water and fertilizer through the cooler winter months.

Synonyms Callista japonica Kuntze 1891; Callista moniliformis (L.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium castum Bateman 1868; Dendrobium heishanense Hayata 1914; Dendrobium japonicum Lindley 1830; Dendrobium monile[Thunb.]Kraenzl 1910; Dendrobium nienkui Tso 1933; Dendrobium taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1978; Dendrobium yunnanense Finet 1907; Dendrobium zonatum Rolfe 1903; Epidendrum monile Thunberg 1799; Epidendrum moniliferum Panzer 1783; *Epidendrum moniliforme Linn. 1753; Limodorum monile (Thunb.) Thunb. 1794; Onychium japonicum Bl. 1848; Ormostema albiflora Raf. 1836

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D monile; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as D monile; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as D monile; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide;