!Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw. 1799 SECTION Dendrobium

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers

Variegated Leaf Variety and Flowers

Photos by Eric Hunt

Tricolored Foliage Form

Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty

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Common Name The Necklace-Shaped Dendrobium - In China Xi Jing Shi Hu

Flower Size to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in China, the western Himalayas, Nepal, the eastern Himalayas; Assam, Myanmar, Vietnam, Korea, Ryukyus Islands and Taiwan to the south at altitudes of 800 to 3000 meters as a small to large sized, cold to warm growing epiphyte in broadleaf forests or lithophyte on rocks with erect or pendant stems, tufted, terete, many noded, slightly wider in the middle, purplish green stems covered with greyish sheaths, yellow with age and carrying narrowly lanceolate, deciduous, obtuse leaves. The bloom season is from winter until the end of summer on a very short, 2 flowered inflorescence which arise from the nodes of older leafless canes because the plant is deciduous and they carry fragrant, rosy scented flowers.

They need less water and fertilizer through the cooler winter months.

Synonyms Callista candida (Wall. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Callista japonica Kuntze 1891; Callista moniliformis (L.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium castum Bateman 1868; Dendrobium crispulum Kimura & Migo 1936; Dendrobium heishanense Hayata 1914; Dendrobium japonicum Lindley 1830; Dendrobium kosepangii C.L.Tso 1933; Dendrobium monile[Thunb.]Kraenzl 1910; Dendrobium moniliforme var. malipoense L.J.Chen & Z.J.Liu, J. Wuhan 2008; Dendrobium nienkui Tso 1933; Dendrobium taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1978; Dendrobium yunnanense Finet 1907; Dendrobium zonatum Rolfe 1903; Epidendrum monile Thunberg 1799; Epidendrum moniliferum Panzer 1783; *Epidendrum moniliforme Linn. 1753; Limodorum monile (Thunb.) Thunb. 1794; Onychium japonicum Bl. 1848; Ormostema albiflora Raf. 1836

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D wilsonii; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D yunnanense; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D monile drawing good; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D zonatum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D monile; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D monile; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as D monile; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975; Native Orchids of Taiwan Tsan-Piao Lin 1975 drawing/photo fide; The Genera of Orchidaceae in Hong Kong Shiu-ying Hu 1977; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as D monile; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 58 #2 1994; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Orchid Species Culture, Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D wilsoniiWild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 62 #1 1998 photo fide;Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Mille Et Une miniOrchidees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 as D malipoense photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #4 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orchidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy & Schmidt 2013; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan An Illustrated Guide Lin & Wang 2014 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #5 2019 photo fide; The Orchid Review Vol 128 No 1330 June 2020 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;