Dendrobium violaceum Kraenzl. 1910 SECTION Calyptrochilus

Side View Photo by Lourens Grobler


Common Name The Purple Dendrobium

Flower Size .9 to 1.6" [2.2 to 4 cm]

Found in New Guinea in juvenal secondary growth or edges of primary forests in bright light at elevations of 750 to 2000 meters as a miniature, cool to warm growing epiphyte, lithophyte or occasional terrestrial with thick, fleshy, basally swollen stems carrying 2 to 4 apical, linear, channeled leaves that blooms at any time of the year on a basal, 1.2" [3 cm] long, few to several [2 to 10] flowered inflorescence arising from the base of the pseudobulb and having a cluster of 2 to 10, long-lasting flowers at the apex, with several being open at a time.

Synonyms Dendrobium allioides J.J. Sm. 1935; Dendrobium brachyacron Schltr. 1919; Dendrobium cyperifolium Schltr. 1923; Dendrobium dryadum Schltr. 1912; Dendrobium geminiflorum Schltr. 1919; Dendrobium igneoviolaceum J.J.Sm. 1929; Dendrobium pityphyllum Schltr. 1919; Dendrobium quinquecostatum Schltr. 1912; Dendrobium scotiiferum J.J.Sm. 1934; Dendrobium tenuicalcar J.J. Sm. 1911; Dendrobium violaceum subsp. cyperifolium (Schltr.) T.M.Reeve & P.Woods 1989; Pedilonum brachyacron (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum cyperifolium (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum dryadum (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum geminiflorum (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum pityphyllum (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum quinquecostatum (Schltr.) Brieger 1981; Pedilonum scotiiferum (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum tenuicalcar (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983; Pedilonum violaceum (Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1983

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1914/85; Neue Orchideen Papuasiens J J Smith 1934 as D scotiiferum; Neue Orchideen Papuasiens J J Smith 1934 as D dryadum; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 as D dryadum photo ok; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 as D quinquecostatum photo fide; Miniature Orchids Northern 1980 as D dryadum photo good; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 as Pedilonum quinquecostatum photo plant only; tropaeoliflorum; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo good; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol II Shuiteman and de Vogel 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 8 2003 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 70 No 3 2005; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo ok; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 as D violaceum var cyperifolium photo ok; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007 photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 6 2010 photo fide;