!Dichaea pendula (Aubl.) Cogn. 1903 SECTION Dichaea

Photo by Stefan Paeffgen

Another Color Form

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptiste

Plant and Seed Capsule in situ - Alto de la Serra do Moji Dos Cruzes 150 meters

Photo by Jay Pfahl


Common Name The Pendant Growing Dichaea

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found from Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, the Virgins, Windwards, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in the understory of dense wet forests as a pendulous growing, medium sized, cool to cold growing, pseudomonopodial epiphyte found in disturbed areas of dense forests at elevations of 1200 to 2500 meters with a pendent, arching to suberect, branching, compressed stems enveloped completely by leaf bearing sheaths and carrying soft, papery, olive green, oblong-ligulate to elliptic-lanceolate, apiculate and minutely serrulate apically leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an axillary, filiform, .44 to .64" [1.1 to 1.6 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with 1 to 2 broadly ovate bracts and carrying muricate capsules and ovaries.

Synonyms Cymbidium echinocarpon (Sw.) Sw. 1799; Dichaea echinocarpa Sw. 1833; Dichaea echinocarpa var. lobata Ames & Correll 1943; Dichaea lobata (Ames & Correll) L.O.Williams 1950; Dichaea pendula var. ciliata Cogn. 1906; Dichaea pendula var swartzii Schweinf. 1955; Dichaea swartzii [Schweinf.] Garay & Sweet 1972; Dichaea trachysepala Schltr.1924; Epidendrum echinocarpon Sw 1788; *Limodorum pendulum Aubl. 1775; Pachyphyllum echinocarpon (Sw.) Spreng. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; Prodr. 124. 1788 as Epidendrum echinocarpum; Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal. 6: 71. 1799 as Cymbidium echinocarpum; Hist. Pl. Guyane Franc. 2: 819 as Limodorum pendulum; Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. 208. 1833 as Dichaea echinocarpa; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as D echinocarpa drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetablis Beibeite Band 6 Venezuela Schlechter 1919; Engl. Pflanzenr. Orchid.-Monandr.-Pseudomonopod. IV, 50(83): 46. 1923 as D wildenowinana; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:181 Schlechter 1924; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Bot. Mus. Leafl. 11(3): 7. 1943 as D echinocarpa varlobata; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing ok; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D lobata; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 excluded; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D echinocarpa excluded; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D pendula var swartzii excluded; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as D pendula var swartzii drawing good; ; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing good; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo plant only; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as D swartzii drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977 photo good; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing ok; Orquideas de Colombia Ortiz 1978 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as D swartzii drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 049 Dodson 1980 as D swartzii drawing good; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas de Cuba Acuna 1987 as D echinocarpa; Native Orchids of the Eastern Caribbean Kenny 1988 as D swartzii; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing not = D sodiroi; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 drawing/photo good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #4 1996 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orchidaceae Antillinae Nir 2000 drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera & Zamora 2003; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo capsules only; Floras Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orquideas de la Republica Dominicana and Haiti Fernandez 2007 photo capsule only ok; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Rio de Janiero Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 as D muricata drawing/photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo ok; Orchids of French Guiana Szlatchetko, Veyret, Mytnik-Ejdsmont,Sawika, Rutkowski and Baranow 2012 as D hookeri drawing/photo fide; Orquidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia COS 2014 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 as D swartzii photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 drawing/photo fide;