Dracula simia (Luer) Luer 1978 SUBGENUS Dracula SECTION Dracula SUBSECTION Dracula SERIES Dracula

Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Lourens Grobler

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Common Name The Monkey-Like Dracula

Flower Size 2 x 6" [5 x 15 cm]

Found in Zamora-Chinchipe province of Ecuador and Peru in cloud forests at elevations of 1000 to 2000 meters as a small sized, cool growing epiphyte with erect, stout ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheatsh and carrying a single, apical, erect, thinly coriaceous, carinate, narrowly elliptial-linear, acute, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, indistinct, subpetiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter, spring and fall on a stout, subverrucose, arising from low on the ramicaul, sparsely bracted, horizontal to descending, 4 to 6" [10 to 15 cm] long, congested, successively single, few flowered inflorescence and carrying a tubular, shorter than the pedicel floral bract and carrying large flowers resembling a monkey's face.

"Distinguished by the well defined white zone in the center of the flower, otherwise red-purple in color, surrounds the toothed lip, the nose-like column and eye-like petals and the round toothed lip that give the impression of a monkey's face." Luer 1993

Synonyms *Masdevallia simia Luer 1978

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Phytologia 39(4): 229 -230) Luer 1978 as Masdevallia simia; Thesaurus Dracularum Vol 2 Luer, Escobar and Dalstroem 1989 watercolor/drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Illustratred Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon, 1992; Icones Pleurothallidinarum X Systematics of Dracula Luer 1993 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 Photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #4 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 #2 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 10 2008 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Draculas Del Ecuador Pupulin, Merino and Medina 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #1 2016 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 88 #4 2019 photo fide