Earina autumnalis (G.Forst.) Hook.f. 1853

Photo by Michael Pratt and New Zealand Native Orchids Website

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Otto Hyink

FragrantPart ShadeSunWarmCoolFall

Common Name The Fall Flowering Earina - In New Zealand Easter Orchid or Raupeka

Flower Size 1/2" [1.3 cm]

Found in New Zealand and the Chatham Islands in lowland to montane forests on trunks and branches and occasionally seen on rocks and banks as an erect to drooping, large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial with shade drooping with sun erect elongate stems carrying stiff, glossy dark green, widest near the base, narrowing towards the tip leaves that blooms in the fall on a pendent with upturned apexes, to 4" [10cm] long, paniculate, 3 to 40 flowered inflorescence carrying highly fragrant flowers. .

Synonyms Cymbidium autumnale (G.Forst.) Sw. 1799; Earina alba Colenso 1886; Earina suaveolens Lindl. 1843; *Epidendrum autumnale G.Forst. 1786; Epidendrum autumnale (Lindl.) Banks & Sol. ex Hookr. 1853; Malaxis autumnalis (G.Forst.) Spreng. 1815

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E suaveolens; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as E suaveolens; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 photo fide; The Native Orchids of New Zealand, A Colour Field Guide Scanlen & St George 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #1 2014 photo fide;