Elleanthus cephalotus Garay & H.R.Sweet 1972

Photo by Julio Larramendi and The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho and Larramendi 2005

Side view of Inflorescence

Photo by The Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 2005

Part shade Warm Cool Spring

Common Name The Capitate Elleanthus [refers to the inflorescence being a head of flowers]

Flower Size

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Trinidad and Tobago and the Windward Islands at elevations of 750 to 1600 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial with an erect to pendent, simple, clustered, stout stems carrying numerous, cauline, erect-spreading, deciduous, sheaths persistent, plicate, narrowly elliptic to lancelate, acuminate leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, peduncle stout, 1.2 to 3.6" [3 to 9 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with outer bracts of the floral head imbricate, broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate and acuminate and the flowers are embedded in mucilage and bracts.

Often confused with E capitatus but it differs mostly in being from central and south America and this one only occurs in the West Indies

Synonyms Bletia capitata R.Br. 1813; Elleanthus capitatus (R.Br.) Cogn. 1910; Evelyna cephalota (Garay & H.R.Sweet) Dudek & Szlach. 2010;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Evelyna capitata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Evelyna capitata; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Elleanthus capitata drawing ok; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Elleanthus capitatus drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as E cephalophorus = E capitatus; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Elleanthus capitatus drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as E cephalotus drawing fide; Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Catalogo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987 as E capitatus; The Orchids of Jamaica Gloudin & Tocisch 1995 as Elleanthus capitatus photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo not = E capitatus; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as E capitatus; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Elleanthus capitatus photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as Elleanthus capitatus; An Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 as E cephalotus