Elleanthus caravata (Aubl.) Rchb. f. 1878

Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant and Flower

Flower Closeup

Photos By Clarence J Gillig


Common Name

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in The Windward Islands, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in mossy primary wet forests at elevations around 200 to 1600 meters as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial with reed like, terete, slender, hairy stems carrying several, plicate and heavily pleated, hairy beneath, linear-lanceolate, long-acuminate, basally clasping leaves and blooms in the late spring through early fall on an apical corymb and carry several to many flowers that open successively over a few days and are almost enveloped by the elongate, reddish purple floral bracts .

Synonyms Cymbidium hirsutum Willd. 1805; Elleanthus lepidus (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1881; Epidendrum hirsutum (Willd.) Poir. 1810; Evelyna caravata (Aubl.) Lindl. 1861; Evelyna lepida Rchb. f. 1859; *Serapias caravata Aubl. 1775; Sobralia caravata (Aubl.) Lindl. 1833;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing good; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 7 1979 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Die Orchideen lieferung #13 753 - 816 Bulbophyllinae Brieger 1983; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 446 Dodson 1989 drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret & etal 2012 drawing good/photo fide