Elleanthus gastroglottis Schltr. 1921

Photo by Andreas Kaye and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Inflorescence Photo by Patricia Harding.

Part shade Cool Cold Summer

Common Name The Bulging Throat Elleanthus

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru at elevations around 1800 to 3200 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with prostrate to ascending, simple, to distantly branched stems carrying 2 to several, parchment-like to subcoriaceous, 5 nerved beneath, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, suberect to arcuate, to 1.6" [4 cm] long, loosely several flowered inflorescence with lanceolate-cymbiform, acuminate, as long as or longer than the flowers, decreasing in size upwards floral bracts and carrying rather thin, reddish violet flowers.

Distinguished by the stout stem branched towards the apex, the thin, papery leaves with 5 prominent veins beneath, the reddish violet flowers and the suborbicular lip that is excised in front and coarsely denticulate on the margin.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 45 Peru Schlechter 1921; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958; Flora of Ecuador 225[1] Orchidaceae Garay 1978; Native Ecuadorian Orchids vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Flora of Ecuador 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson 2010 drawing fide